Egypt is home to one of the richest and most ancient civilizations in the world extending to several millennia BC. It was the Pharaoh Menes, who united the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt, inaugurating what came to be known as the Ancient Empire.
This great civilization astonished the world with the amount of knowledge it possessed in diversified areas. Egypt was also the first country in the ancient time that introduced writing principals with the creation of the hieroglyphic signs and letters.
Egypt had a historic, cultural and religious role. It was the land that hosted a number of Prophets and Messengers, as well as a meeting point of all monotheistic religions over time.
Over the course of history, Egypt witnessed series of civilizations. Egypt was a cradle for the Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, Coptic civilizations and a protectorate for Islamic civilization. Egyptians throughout stages of history enjoyed a character of love, tolerance and hospitality.